Metal riveted earth surrounded by barbed wire in violent space. barbed wire, wire composed of two zinc-coated steel strands twisted together and having barbs spaced regularly along them. The need for barbed wire arose in the 19th cent. as the American frontier moved westward into the Great Plains and traditional fence materials--wooden rails and stone--became scarce and expensive. Of the many early types of barbed wire, that invented in Illinois in 1873 by Joseph F. Glidden proved most popular. The advent of barbed-wire fences on the plains transformed the cattle industry, ending the open range to a large extent and making possible the introduction of blooded cattle. The transformation was not without protests, which often led to bloodshed. In the 20th cent. barbed wire gained importance as an instrument of defense through its use in wartime for entanglements and obstacles. Barbed-wire fences have been replaced in some applications by other types, e.g., woven-wire fences.
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earth Earth world globe terrestrial planet globes strength rock sphere united states of america environment horizontal worldwide land round america north america international planet natural outdoors global landscape globe world earth fence barbed wire security closed metal riveted foreclosed belted bordered boundaried circumscribed compassed contiguous defined definite delimited determinate edged encircled enclosed encompassed enveloped fenced finite flanked fringed girdled hedged hog-tied limitary restricted rimmed ringed surrounded walled world planet Photographer DC. Architectural Photographer Image retoucher Virginia Photographer Maryland photographer professional architectural photographer landscape photographer photography studio stock photography photo retoucher portrait photographer retouching food photographer panorama photography Morgan Howarth Morgan Howarth art concept
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